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Abolition of Article 370 and 35A | how it all started

Kashmir Conflict: How it all began

With the establishment of the Muslim League, by a bunch of fundamentalist Muslims on December 30, 1906,  many burning issues in the country commenced :The “Kashmir Conflict” being the most severe. The Muslim league, led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah whose political ambitions served one of the main reason to bifurcate India, demanded a separate nation for Muslims in October 1938, eventually marking the foundation of a new nation, Pakistan, in August 1947.
The 1947 Indian Independence Act freed all the princely states, over 650, from their obligations to the British government. All of them were authorised to be incorporated  in any of the country- India or Pakistan, or live freely.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the iron man of India, was roped in to ensure smooth dissolution of the princely states. His remarkable political and persuasion skills ensured the integration of more than 500 princely states into the Indian Union. But, the few princely states: Junagarh, Hyderbad, Bhopal and Kashmir continued to pose troubles in being dissolved to the Indian Union. By the end of 1949, the honourable Vallabhbhai Patel convinced all these states, remaining Kashmir.
The prince of Kashmir, Hari Singh, chose to live independently before the state was attacked by Kabailies, backed by Pakistan, forcing him to seek for military assistance from India, which readily agreed on the condition of Kashmir’s inclusion in India. India sent their troops to Kashmir after the prince agreed to the condition, accepting the proposal of the inclusion to the Indian Union on October 26, 1947.
In a diplomatic blunder, the first Prime Minsiter Jawahar Lal Nehru sought the intervention of the UN security council, efforts of which helped reach ceasefire in January 1949. After the ceasefire, India was left with the ownership of 2/3 of Kashmir’s land with Pakistan taking over the rest.  Though Kashmir became the part of India, the land deemed to be disputed on account of India’s move to take this issue to the UN; the rest is history.
In 1957, the formal incorporation of Kashmir took place. The then government granted Kashmir a special status under Article 370 of the constitution – abolished on August 5,2019 , leaving only 370(1) in effect.

The Abolition of 370 and 35 A

With the abrogation of the article 370 and 35A, J&K will not anymore enjoy an-almost-separate-land status – No more of having a separate flag, constitution, citizenship, set of fundamental rights which also ensured no one could purchase land or property in J&K. J&K will now be downsized in two Union Territories-Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. Jammu Kashmir will be bound to follow the Constitution of India.

Why Scrapping was Needed

The article 370 and 35A served a reason to prevent huge investments in the valley. The youths of Kashmir were being misguided over the years by the Separatists fundamentalists to serve their purposes to receive political benefits. Hurriyat leaders were preaching and brainwashing people of the Valley by forcing them to stay away from education-from everything that could help them make bread and butter. However, these leaders ensured a luxurious life to their kith and kin by providing a high quality of education and hefty money to settle abroad. The youths were being turned as stone palters to launch attacks on armed and security forces to carry out anti-national activities. In many cases national symbols like, national flag, national song were disrespected by the youths of Kashmir; this demonstrates how nationalism was being brainwashed , and fundamentalism was infused into them. 
 The successive governments-rather say, families-have failed miserably to ensure peace, ruining the state. The level of terrorism has grown sever over the last few years in Valley. Amit shah, the Home Minister of India, Claimed in the Rajya Sabha that more than 41,400 had been killed in Jammu and Kashmir since 1988.

What Repeal of 370 Will Do

Though it is apprehensive that this move will have to face the outrage of people there, it is highly expected it will give positive results in the long run. The way i see it, following things will change in the Valley:  

Aspirations of youth

The aspirations and mentality of a large number of people will transform and, in my opinion, this will be the biggest changes anticipated to be brought about after the much-awaited move. They will dream like normal people do, coming out of the camouflage of false religious and humanitarian beliefs programmed in their mind over the years. They will gain higher exposure now as Jammu & Kashmir truly became an integral part of the country.
They will get to interact with multi diverse people as people from other states will be allowed to purchase land there; this will increase religious cordiality in the Valley.

Smooth Development

The policies centred for development will be implemented much smoothly. The development of Kashmir will take place rapidly as it comes into mainstream. Unnecessary restrictions will not be imposed on the central government, paving the way for smoother growth.   

Surge in Employment

Unemployment in the Valley has been one of  the biggest reasons for the misguiding of youth in the state. They fall easy victims as they have time to listen to what the separatists in the Valley preach. Exposure to employment at satisfactory level will inspire them to lead a sustainable life. As soon as the situation in J&K starts improving, for sure, investments will come pouring in, raising the life standard of the citizens. This will provide people in J&K much-need employment and other important opportunities.

Curb Terrorism

The common man of the Valley has been bearing terrorism the most since the Independence. These elements-both inside and outside-have impeded development badly; a large number of people have fallen prey to terrorism and lost their lives in the Valley.  

Unity and Peace

People in India have developed a rigid perception that Kashmir is different; Kashmiris are different. Though it will still take time, people will feel united. It may help bring about religious harmony among the people of Valley.   

The possibility of disastrous consequences by this move can’t be completely denied since politics in J&K is way more different from other nation; the state entails around 96% of its population are Muslims. The Modi government’s wise diplomacy may bring everything in favour, though it remains to be seen how things take turn. For us now, the time has come to embrace Kashmiries and made them feel welcomed as Amit Shah also said in the Rajya Sabha. This move has also sent a stern message to the US that we are capable of resolving our issues. Kashmir is already a naturally prosperous land, and with the scrapping of 370 and 35A, it is expected to become economically prosperous considering its geographical existence.   



  1. Very informative and interesting post!!

  2. Thanks a lot ! Shrutika , means a lot to me since this is the first comment on my blog.

  3. One of the best posts I have read on this topic. Keep going Pourush Gupta


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